These are the only books I have that deal with the subject of armatures in two-dimensional art:
Bouleau, Charles.. New York: Hacker Art Books, 1980. See my on the Conclusions page.
Elam, Kimberly.. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2011. See the page.
There are many books on perspective and pictorial space. I have these:
Alberti, Leon Battista. On Painting. Translated by Cecil Grayson. London: Penguin Books, 2004.
Blatt, Sidney J., and E. S. Blatt.. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1984.
Edgerton, Samuel Y., Jr.. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Edgerton, Samuel Y., Jr.. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.
Ivins, William M., Jr.. New York: Dover, 2011.
Panofsky, Erwin.. Translated by Christopher S. Wood. New York: Zone Books, 1997.
I also have books on sacred geometry, which I won't bother to list.
As for journal articles on the geometry of two-dimensional art that aren't about perspective or Celtic design, I don't think I've ever found any.